For English I have to answer this question: How important is the concept of historical sanctions in Psalms?
For starters, what are sanctions? Sanctions are like judgements or punishments. What is the importance of God’s historical judgements in Psalms? Let’s look at a few verses from that book of the Bible.
Psalm 1:4-6: The ungodly are not so, they are like the chaff which the wind drives away. Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgement, Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. For the Lord knows the way of the righteous, but the ungodly shall perish.
Psalm 2:2-3 and Psalm 2:9: The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, Against the Lord and against His Anointed, saying, “Let us break Their bonds in pieces and cast away Their cords from us.”
You shall break them with a rod of iron: You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.”
Psalm 5:4-6: For You are not a God who takes pleasure in wickedness. Nor shall evil dwell with You. The boastful shall not stand in Your sight; You hate all workers of iniquity. You shall destroy those who speak falsehood: The Lord abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.
In the first few chapters of Psalms, there is a reoccurring theme; God saving David from his enemies. Specifically chapters 1-7, but all throughout the book of Psalms, David cries out to God in his trouble and affliction, and God answers him by delivering him from his enemies.
Psalm 10:1: Why do you stand afar off, O Lord? Why do you hide in times of trouble
Psalm 38:21: Do not leave me, O Lord. O God, do not go far away from me.
Psalm 6:2-4: Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak; O Lord, heal me, for my bones are troubled. My soul also is greatly troubled; but You, O Lord-how long? Return, O Lord, deliver me! Oh, save me for your mercies’ sake!
In these verses, God seems distant and far away. David can’t feel Him near; and he is troubled because his enemies surround him. Of course, God hasn’t abandoned him, but it sure feels like it.
Psalm 10:17-18: Lord, You have heard the desire of the humble; You will prepare their heart;
You will cause Your ear to hear, To do justice to the fatherless and the oppressed,
That the man of the earth may oppress no more
Psalm 38:15: For in You, O Lord, I hope; You will hear, O Lord my God
Psalm 6:8-10: Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity; For the Lord has heard the voice of my weeping. The Lord has heard my supplication; The Lord will receive my prayer. Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly troubled; Let them turn back and be ashamed suddenly.
These verses show us that David trusted in God to deliver him from his oppressors, even though God seemed to be far away.
God delivered David from his enemies many times throughout history, But David couldn’t always feel God’s presence. He continued to have faith though, that God would still deliver him from his oppressors.
This is an important theme that continuous throughout the Psalms; it shows us that God was present throughout history and will continue to deliver us when we need Him, if we just have faith. 🙂